General Assembly

We know more about war than we know about peace, more about killing than we know about living. -Omar N. Bradley

The United Nations’ General Assembly was established in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations. It is the only organ of the UN in which all 193 members nations have equal representations. Additionally, it was a founding institution and stood as the “Deliberative policymaking and representative organ of the UN”. The General Assembly is responsible for making vital decisions concerning the United Nations namely; Appointing the Secretary General, electing the nonpermanent members of the Security council and approving the regular budgets of the UN. Due to the variety of diverse global issues treated by the United Nations’ General Assembly, it found the opportunity of establishing six sub-commissions upon which the topics may be divided. The six main committees are as follows: Disarmament and International Security Committee, Economic and Financial Committee, Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee, Special Political and Decolonization Committee, Administrative and Budgetary Committee and the Legal Committee.

This year’s topics are :

  1. Creating a nuclear weapon free zone in the Middle East region
  2. Empowering conflict affected children and re-integrating them in the society

GA Topic 1

GA Topic 2

Presidency of The General Assembly

Yassin Abou Shousha

Yassin Abou Shousha

President of the General Assembly

Farah Ebeid

Farah Ebeid

Vice-President of the General Assembly

International Court of Justice

"To be just and fair, equality must be there"

The International Court of Justice, also known as ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established by the Charter of the United Nations after the end of World War II in June 1945, and it started operating in April 1946. It is situated in The Hague, the Netherlands at the Peace Palace. The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs and specialized agencies. The current president of the ICJ is Ronny Abraham; in office since the 6th of February 2015. The Court is composed of 15 judges that are elected for a nine-year term of office by the UN’s General Assembly and the Security Council.

The court’s official languages are English and French. This year’s case is: The Jadhav Case (India v. Pakistan)

Case

Presidency

Raghda Gad

Raghda Gad

President of the International Court of Justice

Omar Mazen

Omar Mazen

Vice-President of the International Court of Justice

Security Council

"Peace will never be maintained unless in the hearts of men"

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six main UN organs.  It is charged to maintain peace and security under the principles of the UN charter. The UNSC determines the existence of a threat to international peace or an act of aggression. It holds frequent sessions regarding these threats. It’s first sessions was held on the  17th of January 1946.  It is only UN organ with the power to implement ceasefire , start UN peacekeeping missions and deploy UN troops named “blue helmets” who are sent to enforce peace in various regions. Under the UN Charter, all member States of the UN are obligated to enforce and carry out decisions of the council. The UNSC is composed of 15 members; 5 of them being permanent veto holding members (The United States of America, China, The United Kingdom, The Russian Federation and France).  As for the 10 other members, they are rotating non-permanent members that are elected by the General Assembly every 2 years.  The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice. In conclusion, the UNSC’s goal is to develop solutions and implement resolutions in order  to prevent aggression and maintain security

This year’s topics are:

  1. The conflicts of the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea
  2. Question of The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) Dispute

Topic 1 (English)

Topic 2 (English)

Topic 1 (French)

Topic 2 (French)

Presidency of the English Committee

Presidency of the French Committee

Laila Shaban

Laila Shaban

President of the Security Council

Yassin Aref

Yassin Aref

Vice-President of the Security Council

Seif Tawfik

Seif Tawfik

Président du Conseil de Sécurité

Hana Anis

Hana Anis

Vice-Présidente du Conseil de Sécurité

Human Rights Council

"The concept of inequality has no place in this world, every human is born free and equal"

The Human Rights Council is an intergovernmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 Member States, which are elected by the United Nations General Assembly. In fact, this Council was created on March 15th 2006 by resolution 60/251 of the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council is responsible for strengthening the protection of human rights around the globe. As basic as the concept of human rights may seem at first, numerous countries and organizations have opposed and infringed these rights due to reasons such as cultural beliefs or financial needs. The dilemma stands where the protection of human rights, and the benefit of a country meet. The Human Rights Council aims to find sustainable solutions that would be applicable to any country or body, in order to bring true equality to those who feel injustice because of who they are or where they live.

This year’s topics are:

  1. The rights of people with disabilities during COVID 19
  2. Social media’s violation to privacy & human rights

Topic 1 (English)

Topic 2 (English)

Presidency of the English Committee

Presidency of the French committee

Rinad Taalat

Rinad Taalat

President of the Human Rights Council

Salma El-Amry

Salma El-Amry

Vice-President of the Human Rights Council

Nour Gehad

Nour Gehad

Présidente du Comité des droits de l'homme

Omar Samy

Omar Samy

Vice-Président du Comité des droits de l'homme

Economic and Social Council

"Uniting to promote higher living standards, because what better way to fight for our planet than by global cooperation?"

The Economic and Social Council is at the heart of the United Nations system to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. It is the central platform for fostering debate and innovative thinking, forging consensus on ways forward, and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed goals. It is also responsible for the follow-up to major UN conferences and summits.The UN Charter established ECOSOC in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations. The chairperson for the sixtieth session; in March 2016, was Antonio de Aguiar Patriota from Brazil, and one of the vice-chairs was Fatma Al-Zahraa Hassan from Egypt. Each year, they dedicate their annual discussions and actions around a specific theme. 

This year’s topics are:

  1. The impact of “brain drain” on non-developed countries
  2. Encouraging youth to participate in local governance and decision making

Topic 1

Topic 2

Presidency

Fayrouz Ahmed

Fayrouz Ahmed

President of the Economic and Social Council

Amina El Tanamly

Amina El Tanamly

Vice-President of The Economic and Social Council

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

"Aiming for global sustainable development to insure peace justice and strong institutions"

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, also known as UNODC is a merge established in 1997, between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention.  UNODC fights against illicit drugs and international crime, it relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90% of its budget. The UNODC’s role is to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.  The United Nations holds seven offices in seven different areas, they can help in all fields related to Organized crime and trafficking, Corruption, Drug abuse prevention and health, Crime prevention and criminal justice reform and Terrorism prevention. Diverse problems are becoming widely recognized as threats to nations and individuals, and requests for the assistance of UNODC in national, regional and transnationals levels continue to grow. Its’ work enhances security and improves the everyday lives of people across the globe.

This year’s topics are:

  1. Taking measures to eliminate the production and proliferation of Counterfeit Medicines.
  2. Combatting the act of money laundering and countering the financing of violent political crimes.

Topic 1

Topic 2

Presidency

Leila Mohamed

Leila Mohamed

President of The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Salma Ahmed

Salma Ahmed

Vice-President of The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

United Nations Office on Disarmament Affairs

"Le désarmement extérieur commence toujours par le désarmement intérieur"

This committee is only available in french Having considered the uncontrollable use of nuclear arms as a danger on the world and its peace, the United Nations Disarmament committee (UNDC) has been created in 1952 under the Security Council consequently to being part of the General Assembly resolution in January 1952 (502 VI). As its name suggests, the disaramament committee has the goal and objective to limits the use of arms forces including the elimination of all weapons of mass destruction. All members of the United Nations should attend the sessions of the three consecutive weeks during spring in which disarmament topics are being discussed. Due to the danger of the uncontrollable use of arms forces, the committe has been specially created to address the issue in order to prevent international conflicts and create durable peace on the international level.

This year’s topics are :
  1. Mettre en question l’utilisation militaire de l’intelligence artificielle et la robotique
  2. Désamorcer la situation au Cachemire en limitant les forces militaires dans la région

Topic 1 (French)

Topic 2 (French)

Presidency

Zeinab Arafa

Zeinab Arafa

President of the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs

Yasseen Mohamed

Yasseen Mohamed

Vice-President of the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs

The Commission of the Status of Women

“Gender equality must become a lived reality” - Michelle Bachelet

The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. A functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), it was established by ECOSOC resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946. The CSW is instrumental in promoting women’s rights, documenting the reality of women’s lives throughout the world, and shaping global standards on gender equality and the empowerment of women.

This year’s topics are :

  1. Measures to protect incarcerated women against discrimination and violence
  2. Women’s participation in political decisions and peace processes

Topic 1

Topic 2

Presidency

Yasmine Wagdy

Yasmine Wagdy

President of the Commission of the Status of Women

Mariam El Rakhawy

Mariam El Rakhawy

Vice-President of the Commission of the Status of Women